"Three-Three System" Reform

Nanjing University held the 4th Discussion on the Thought of Education and Teaching in 2006. This meeting reviewed the current undergraduate education in our universities and identified problems such as a single, narrow mode of education, the overspecialized curriculum, and the obsolete teaching administration. The university put forward a new idea of talent cultivation, the idea of “four combinations,” namely, “the combination of discipline construction with undergraduate teaching, of general education with individualized cultivation, of broadening basic knowledge with enhancing practice, and of learning how to study with how to behave as a good person.” 

Under the guidance of this idea, the university began a reform of its undergraduate education; it put forth a systemic, comprehensive “Three-Three System,” which is aimed at guaranteeing students’ autonomous choice and individual development, centering on the construction and implementation of a new talent cultivation system, and creating the best undergraduate education in China.


  • Establishing a new mode of talent cultivation which emphasizes individualized cultivation, autonomous choice and diversified development so as to motivate students’ learning initiative and encourage all of them to become talents

  • Establishing a new curriculum system which centers on training in reasoning and innovative spirit by constructing such new courses as “Freshman Seminars,” “General Education Courses,” and “Senior Seminars” so as to cultivate students’ problem awareness and questioning spirit and give rise to changes in teaching approaches and learning methods

  • Establishing a new teaching administration system which meets the need of individualized and autonomous learning and facilitates the forming of internal mechanisms for deepening the reform and achieving self-improvement



The Reforms in Talents’ Cultivating Mode "Student-Centered Personalized Cultivation" led by Nanjing University President Chen Jun won the Special Prize at the 2014 National Teaching Achievement Award for Higher Education.