School of Liberal Arts
The history of the School of Liberal Arts of Nanjing University dates back to Sanjiang Normal School and Nanking University (Huiwen Shuyuan), founded in 1902 and 1888 respectively. It first became a department of Nanjing Higher Normal School in 1914. Then for different periods, it successively belonged to National Southeast University, No. 4 Zhongshan University, Jiangsu University, National Central University and Nanjing University. As Nanking University, which evolved from Christian colleges, merged with Nanjing University in 1952, the Department of Chinese Language and Literature was set up. It was renamed School of Liberal Arts in 2007.
Over the past 100 years, many renowned scholars and educators have taught at the school, including Li Ruiqing, Wang Xie, Huang Kan, Wang Dong, Wu Mei, Hu Xiaoshi, Chen Zhongfan, Wang Pijiang, Fang Guangtao, Luo Genze, Chen Baichen, Chen Shouzhu and Cheng Qianfan. Through the diligent and persistent work of generations of faculty and students, the school has fostered an academic tradition of simplicity, integrity and creativity in the spirit of seeking truth rather than following fashion fostering. In this spirit, the School has cultivated a large number of outstanding talents for China.
Since the 1980s, the school has developed rapidly, enjoying a good reputation at home and abroad. It hosts various programs in two disciplinary fields – Chinese language and literature, and Drama and Film Studies. Its program of Chinese language and literature is among the first national key disciplines and the first national personnel training and research bases for Chinese language and literature. It also has a first-level doctoral program and a post-doctoral station. It has rich resources for academic research. The school library has a collection of more than 400,000 books and various specialized collections. In addition, the school is home to several research centers, including the Research Center for Modern Chinese Literature, a key humanities research base funded by the Ministry of Education; the China Center for Linguistics and Strategic Studies funded by the Ministry of Education; and the Research Institute for Classical Literature, affiliated to the National Commission for Classics Editing and Research by Institutions of Higher Learning.
In the 21st century, faculty and students of the school are carrying on its excellent academic tradition, striving to make progress in their teaching and research and make more contributions to social progress and cultural innovation.
Chinese literature program, Nanking University (Huiwen Shuyuan)
Intensive Chinese program and elementary normal undergraduate program of literature at Sanjiang Normal School
Undergraduate program of Chinese literature, Liangjiang Normal School
Chinese literature program, Faculty of Liberal Arts, University of Nanking
Department of Chinese Literature and Specialized Program of Chinese Literature, Nanjing Higher Normal School
Chinese program of the Philology Department, Faculty of Library Arts, University of Nanking
Department of Chinese Literature, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Nanjing Higher Normal School
Department of Chinese Literature, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences, National Southeast University
Department of Chinese Literature, Faculty of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Nanking
Department of Chinese Literature, School of Liberal Arts, No. 4 Zhongshan University
Department of Chinese Literature, School of Liberal Arts, Jiangsu University
Department of Chinese Literature, School of Liberal Arts, National Central University
Department of Chinese Literature, School of Liberal Arts, University of Nanking
Department of Chinese Literature, School of Liberal Arts, National Nanjing University
Department of Chinese Literature, School of Liberal Arts, Nanjing University
Department of Chinese Literature, School of Liberal Arts, Public University of Nanking
Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Nanjing University
Department of Chinese Language and Literature, School of Liberal Arts, Nanjing University
School of Liberal Arts, Nanjing University
Departments and Research Centers
The School of Liberal Arts currently comprises six departments, Departments of Literature, Linguistics, Documentics, Theater and Film Studies, as well as Departments of College Chinese and Overseas Education. Among the eight secondary disciplines under the discipline of Chinese language and literature, the School has seven, including ancient Chinese literature, modern and contemporary Chinese literature, Chinese language and philology, classical Chinese documentics, literary theory, comparative literature and world literature, and linguistics and applied linguistics. The school also hosts the program of Drama and Film Studies in the disciplinary field of arts. The School now runs 13 doctoral programs, 13 MA programs, two professional MA programs (MFA and MTCSOL), and two undergraduate programs. Covering a wide range of subjects, the School boasts an excellent doctoral program of Chinese language and literature, ranking among the top of its kind in China.
In 2006, the school had three disciplines highly evaluated in the national appraisal and became “national key disciplines”; they were Ancient Chinese Literature, Modern and Contemporary Chinese Literature, and Chinese Language and Philology. In 2007, another discipline, Literary Theory, was granted the title of national key discipline. In the same year, with four national key disciplines, the school ranked the second among China’s Chinese departments and was approved by the Ministry of Education as a first-level national key discipline, the very first among liberal arts and social sciences disciplines in Nanjing University.
The School of Liberal Arts has three national-level and five university-level research centers. Among them, the Research Center for Modern Chinese Literature is one of the 100 research bases for philosophy and social sciences approved by the Ministry of Education. The China Center for Linguistics and Strategic Studies is one co-funded by Nanjing University and the Department of Language Information Management of the Ministry of Education. The Research Institute for Classical Literature is affiliated to the National Commission for Classics Editing and Research by Institutions of Higher Learning. The Research Center for Chinese Poetics, the Research Institute for Aesthetics, the Research Institute for Overseas Chinese Books, the Sociolinguistics Laboratory, the Research Institute of Dialects and Culture, the Center in Asian Film Television and Media Studies，and the Research Institute of History of Chinese Language are university-level research centers for the humanities and social sciences. In addition, the school has established a number of research institutions for basic research or new studies, including, the Research Institute for Theater and Film Studies, the Compilation and Research Office for The Complete Collection of Qing Poetry, the Compilation and Research Office for the Poetry of Tang and Five Dynasties, the Research Institute for Comparative Literature and Comparative Cultural Studies, the Research Institute for Kunqv Opera, the Research Institute for Literature by Taiwan, Hong Kong and Overseas Chinese Writers, the Research Institute for Jianghuai Dialect, and the Digital Art Laboratory. These institutions strive to improve research standards and promote the development of new studies.
The School of Liberal Arts has a faculty of 75 outstanding teachers. Among them, there are 44 professors, 25 associate professors and 6 lecturers, accounting for 58.7%, 33.3% and 8% of all respectively. Among them, 68 hold doctoral degrees, taking up 90.7% of the total.
The faculty members of the school are highly acclaimed for their achievements. Among them, two members are on the Disciplinary Appraisal Panels under the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council, 12 with special government allowances awarded by the State Council, four specially recruited professors on the Changjiang Award Program for Prominent Scholars, two selected candidates of the National Program for the Cultivation of Tens of Millions of Talents in the New Century. Two faculty members have obtained sponsorship from the Program for Talented People of the Century, nine are involved in the New-Century Program for Supporting Excellent Talents, and three in the Program for Sponsoring Young Teachers, and one appointed National Young Experts with Outstanding Contributions, all funded by the Ministry of Education. At the provincial level, two middle-aged and young experts are recognized as having made outstanding contributions, twelve have been selected into the Jiangsu 333 Project and nine into the Jiangsu Qinglan Project, one is granted the title of Distinguished Teacher, and one of Excellent Educator. With the addition of an excellent national teaching team, faculty members that enjoy the above titles and grants account for over 50% of the total. During all teaching evaluation surveys organized by the university, more than 95% of the faculty members scored above 4 on a 5-point scale, among whom several have been acknowledged by the undergraduates as “our favorite teachers.”
In 1992, the School of Liberal Arts was accredited by the Ministry of Education as one of the first reform bases for liberal arts education, and later on it became the only qualified experimental unit in the discipline of Chinese language and literature.
In 1995, the school was authorized as one of the first personnel training and research bases of Chinese language and literature in China, awarded as an excellent base in 1998 during the mid-term review, and officially approved after passing the appraisal by the Ministry of Education in 2001.
In 2003, the Chinese Language and Literature major was granted a provincial-level quality major by the Jiangsu Education Commission.
In 2008, it was awarded a national distinctive major construction unit and a national experimental zone for the education of innovative talents.
The school runs two undergraduate programs in Chinese Language and Literature and in Theater and Film Studies. Its MA and doctoral programs cover the whole discipline of Chinese Language and Literature as well as the discipline of Theater and Film Studies.
To help the students foster their innovative abilities on the basis of a solid foundation, the school has a multi-dimensional and research-oriented undergraduate curriculum, incorporating condensed core courses and specialized elective courses.
The undergraduate education in the School of Liberal Arts focuses on the training of qualified students and the development of research bases. At the same time, it keeps promoting its reforms, maintaining its advantages and improving its teaching. For many years, the school has been enjoying the renowned title of Excellent Teaching Unit awarded by Nanjing University.
In the year of 2001, two research projects conducted by the school, “A Study on the Training of Talents for the 21st Century and Education Model for Research Bases” and “A Study on the Talents Training Bases and Model for Chinese Language and Literature Department,” funded respectively by the Ministry of Education and the Jiangsu Education Commission, were awarded the first prize of the State-Level Teaching Award and the grand prize of the Jiangsu Province Teaching Award.
The project “The Construction of Research-Oriented Curriculum for Chinese Majors” received the grand prize of the Higher Education Teaching Award from Jiangsu provincial government in 2007 and the second prize of the State-Level Teaching Award in 2008.
The Project “Training the First an Second-Year Chinese Majors for Innovation in a Research University” received the grand prize of the Higher Education Teaching Award from Jiangsu Provincial Government in 2013 and the second prize of the State-Level Teaching Award in 2014.
The School of Liberal Arts enjoys high standing in China for its student enrollment and teaching quality. Current enrollment reaches over 700 students in MA and Ph.D. programs, including 190 international students. Many MA and Ph.D. graduates find positions in high-level professional fields, among whom 40 are now doctoral supervisors in various renowned universities and colleges. One Ph.D. dissertation has been awarded the Award of National Excellent Doctorial Dissertation while two have been nominated for the same award.
In recent years, the School of Liberal Arts has being promoting exchange programs for its graduates and undergraduates. It has established a long-term exchange program with Hong Kong Baptist University and various other colleges. In 2007 and 2008, the school encouraged its Ph.D. candidates to apply to the exchange programs sponsored by the Ministry of Education. With the school’s international influence, 25 of its doctoral candidates were granted permission by the Ministry of Education and subsequently entered universities abroad. The school thus started its exchange programs with Brown University, Columbia University, Duke University, the University of California, San Diego, University of Wisconsin, University of Washington, Kyoto University, Nara Women's University, University of London, Edinburgh University and other prestigious universities overseas in their joint efforts of training of high-level talents.
Overseas MA programs run by the School of Liberal Arts are steadily growing. Over the last 10 years, the school has had MA programs in Singapore and Malaysia, where overseas Chinese students have been able to attend MA programs in Chinese Language and Literature offered by the school. Meanwhile, it has set up joint programs with the School of Chinese, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, and the Chinese Department of Dongguk University. Scholarships are provided for foreign students in China. The number of foreign students applying for B.A., M.A. and Ph.D. degrees increases every year, and this helps with the internationalization of its students.
The Department of Chinese Language and Literature in the School of Liberal Arts is a First Level National Key Discipline. The establishment of national, university and school level research centers and institutes greatly promotes the academic research of the school. The school aims at a steady development on the basis of maintaining its strengths in its teaching and research. The school will focus on the development of Cultural Studies, Marxist Aesthetics, Aesthetic Anthropology, Studies on Modern and Contemporary Academic and Literary History, Studies on the Overseas Chinese Books, Studies on the Overseas Sinology, Studies on Ci Poetry and Fu Prose, Studies on Qing Dynasty Literature, Chinese Historical Documentics, Overseas Chinese Literature, Intercultural Studies, Comparative Literary Theory, Language Planning Studies, Sociolinguistics, Dialectology, Lexicography, and Ancient Philology.
The new millennium has witnessed the school’s great achievements in research. It has successfully passed the evaluation for Project 211 (stages I and II) and Project 985 (stage I).
In 2004, the School became the host to National 985 Project Chinese Language and Culture and National Identity, a Base for Innovative Research in Philosophy and Social Sciences.
Now the School has successfully passed the evaluation for Project 985 (stage III).
In 2014, the Center for Collaborative Innovation of Chinese Literature and East Asian civilization was certified as a Jiangsu Provincial University Center for Collaborative Innovation.
After 2000, the average annual publication from the school’s faculty in AH&I and CSSCI journals amounts to 150. Over 50 monographs have been published. Over 100 major awards were received from Jiangsu Province and the Ministry of Education, among which 13 were the first prizes of Jiangsu Philosophy and Social Sciences Research Award, and 4 were the first prizes of Jiangsu University Humanities and Social Sciences Research Award.
In 2007, Ce Fu Yuan Gui, a grand-scale compilation of Chinese classics, was awarded the Official Prize of the 1st Chinese Government Publication Award.
Since 2000, the School of Liberal Arts has obtained 60 standard projects, 5 Major Projects, and 1 Key Project funded by the National Philosophy and Social Sciences Foundation, 9 projects funded by the National Artistic and Scientific Foundation, 4 projects funded by the National Language Association, 4 key projects funded by the Ministry of Education, 1 key project funded by the University Science and Technology Innovation Foundation, 15 key projects funded by the Ministry of Education for Humanities and Social Sciences Research Bases, 2 projects funded by the Ministry of Education New Millennium Talents Foundation, 5 projects funded by the Ministry of Education Humanities and Social Sciences Research Ph.D. Programs Foundation, 16 projects funded by the Ministry of Education Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation, 9 project funded by the Ministry of Education Humanities and Social Sciences Research Youth Foundation, 3 project post-funded by the Ministry of Education, and 26 standard projects and 4 Major Projects funded by Jiangsu Philosophy and Social Sciences Foundation. In addition, there are also cultural projects with nation-wide influences: the proofreading and editing of The New Tang Book, which is part of the proofreading and editing project of 24 Histories, and the compilation of San Wen History, which is part of the compilation work of The Qing History. These research projects, especially the key projects, have brought the school more research funding and made it academically well-known both nationally and internationally.
The School of Liberal Arts actively organizes international exchange programs. Its faculty members participate in various kinds of international projects, conferences, and visiting programs. The school also hosts many academic programs. At present, it is in academic cooperation with prestigious institutions such as the Harvard-Yenching Institute, Brown University,Duke University, University of London, Edinburgh University, Leiden University (Holland), University of Mannheim (Germany), Kyoto University (Japan), Korean University of Foreign Studies, and National Taiwan University, Tsinghua University (Taiwan), National Central University (Taiwan), Tunghai University (Taiwan), Hong Kong University, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, and Hong Kong Baptist University.
The program of Ancient Chinese Literature has a tradition of organizing international conferences since 1990s, providing a platform for scholars at home and abroad to discuss ancient Chinese literature.
In 2006, the school hosted the First Humanities and Social Sciences Forum for Scholars from Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau, which was a collaborative effort of Nanjing University, National Central University (Taiwan), and the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
The Sociolinguistic Lab annually holds a language seminar, which is well known in international sociolinguistic circles.
The Institute of Overseas Chinese Books Studies, with its long-term research in the field, organized an international symposium in the year 2007, playing a leading role in the studies of Chinese books in East Asia.
During the past 5 years, the school organized altogether 18 international conferences, gaining good reputation in the academic circle.
The School of Liberal Arts publishes 21 academic anthologies and journals, among which Journal of Literary Criticism Supplement, Classical Literature, Intercultural Communication，and Yangzijinag Review are indexed by CSSCI.
The School of Liberal Arts has four goals for its teaching, research, and curriculum development.
The first goal is to foster in students a solid foundation, practical skills, professional expertise, and a broad horizon. The school will maintain a research-oriented teaching methodology, construct better liberal arts labs, provide students with more social practice opportunities, and cultivate more qualified talents for educational institutions, research institutes and management positions. As a top-ranking Chinese language and literature discipline in China, it will also expand its enrollment of international students and provide qualified Chinese language and literature majors internationally.
The second goal is to make full use of the present resources and specialty, and to attract and employ qualified new faculty members. The four National Key Disciplines—the Program of Ancient Chinese Literature, the Program of Modern Chinese Literature, the Program of Chinese Language and Philology, and the Program of Literary Theory—will lead other programs toward an overall development. The school will strive to maintain its leading position nationally and try to develop several programs to an internationally advanced level.
The third goal is to make full use of the advantages of the Department of Chinese Language and Literature to foster the development of inter-disciplinary studies in joint efforts with the Department of Theater and Film Studies and other art disciplines. The school aims at building new National Key Disciplines and common prosperity among all departments.
The fourth goal is to combine teaching with research and to promote cooperation and innovation among disciplines. With their quality research, the Center for Chinese Modern Literature, the China Center for Linguistics and Strategic Studies, and the Research Institute for Classical Literature will contribute to the school’s curriculum development. More research institutes in the School will strive to become national research centers.
Yang Zongyi Building, Xianlin Campus, No. 163, Xianlin Avenue, Qixia District, Nanjing City
For more information visit the website of the School.